Holder likes to contact with other lovers of the genus Euonymus to exchange knowledge.
Holder of the collection: Henny Kolster, Boskoop, The Netherlands.
When you want to respond send e-mail to: Henny Kolster



Euonymus bungeanus 'Dart's Pride'

Contents:

Why a collection

Short-list of the species in the collection

Synopsis

Description of the species in the collection

List of the species I am looking for









Euonymus planipes If we are thinking of Euonymus, we easily think of Euonymus europaeus frequently propagated by seed; for growers there are Euonymus alatus and Euonymus planipes, too; but I didn't know, when I started to collect these, that there are more than 150 different species.
A good thing there are a lot tropical or subtropical, so that one's get no chance in the climate of The Netherlands.
There can be a lot of fine information in a collection. You might think, that some well-known species might be the best, but you will find that an unknown species can be much better.
For example: Euonymus planipes is well-known by the most growers as the most beautiful fruited Euonymus, but in the collection you find, that, for the most of us, the unknown Euonymus oxyphyllus has much more beautiful fructification for a longer time (just till the beginning of October), also you will see a brilliant wine-red autumncolour.
Of course the comparing of the species and their varieties is one of the most important aspects of collecting; I already noticed, that this is one of the most difficult aspects of the plant-collection; especially Euonymus, unfortunately there is not too much literature available and hardly any knowledge. That's why the species, which are not or not correct named, are difficult to define. But that's just exciting.



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The Euonymus collection (except vars. of E. japonicus, E. fortunei)

A LIST OF THE SPECIES IN THE COLLECTION:

Euonymus alatus (Thunb.) Siebold
Euonymus alatus 'Compactus'
Euonymus alatus 'Macrophyllus'
Euonymus alatus 'Monstrosus'
Euonymus alatus 'Nanus'
Euonymus alatus 'Rudy Haag'
Euonymus alatus 'Select' (FIRE BALL)
Euonymus alatus 'Timber Creek' (CHICAGO FIRE)
Euonymus alatus var. apterus Regel
Euonymus alatus var. ciliatodentatus Franch. & Sav.
Euonymus americanus L.
Euonymus americanus 'Evergreen'
Euonymus americanus 'Narrow Leaf'
Euonymus atropurpureus Jacq.
Euonymus bungeanus Maxim.
Euonymus bungeanus 'Dart's Pride'
Euonymus bungeanus 'Fireflame'
Euonymus bungeanus 'Koi Boy'
Euonymus bungeanus f. pendulus Rehd.
Euonymus bungeanus var. mongolicus (Nakai) Kitagawa
Euonymus bungeanus x phellomanus
Euonymus carnosus Hemsl.
Euonymus clivicolus var. rongchuensis (Marq. & Shaw) Blakelock
Euonymus cornutus var. quinquecornutus (Comb.) Blakelock
Euonymus echinatus Wall.
Euonymus europaeus L.
Euonymus europaeus 'Albus'
Euonymus europaeus 'Atropurpureus'
Euonymus europaeus 'Aucubifolius'
Euonymus europaeus 'Brilliant'
Euonymus europaeus 'Chrysophyllus'
Euonymus europaeus 'Howard'
Euonymus europaeus 'Intermedius'
Euonymus europaeus 'Red Cascade'
Euonymus europaeus 'Scarlet Wonder'
Euonymus europaeus 'Thornhayes'
Euonymus europaeus var. bulgaricus Velen.
Euonymus europaeus var. pumilus Loudon
Euonymus europaeus var. variegatus Dippl.
Euonymus fimbriatus Wall.
(Euonymus fortunei 'Coloratus' - adult)
(Euonymus fortunei 'Gaiety Silver')
(Euonymus fortunei 'Kewensis')
(Euonymus fortunei 'Silver Queen')
Euonymus frigidus Wall.
Euonymus frigidus var. elongatus Cowan & Cowan
Euonymus grandiflorus Wall.
Euonymus grandiflorus 'Red Wine'
Euonymus grandiflorus f. salicifolius Stapf. & Ballard
Euonymus hamiltonianus 'Calocarpus'
Euonymus hamiltonianus 'Coral Charm'
Euonymus hamiltonianus 'Den Haag'
Euonymus hamiltonianus 'Fiesta'
Euonymus hamiltonianus 'Indian Summer'
Euonymus hamiltonianus 'Miss Pinkie'
Euonymus hamiltonianus 'Pink Delight'
Euonymus hamiltonianus 'Poort Bulten'
Euonymus hamiltonianus 'Popcorn'
Euonymus hamiltonianus 'Rainbow'
Euonymus hamiltonianus 'Red Chief'
Euonymus hamiltonianus 'Red Elf'
Euonymus hamiltonianus 'Rising Sun'
Euonymus hamiltonianus 'Snow'
Euonymus hamiltonianus 'Winter Glory'
Euonymus hamiltonianus var. hians (Koehne) Blakelock
Euonymus hamiltonianus var. semiexertus (Koehne) Blakelock
Euonymus hamiltonianus var. sieboldianus (Blume) Komar.
Euonymus hamiltonianus var. yedoensis f. koehneanus (Loes.) Blakelock
(Euonymus japonicus 'Benkomasaki')
(Euonymus japonicus 'Hibarimasaki')
(Euonymus japonicus 'Manhattan')
(Euonymus japonicus 'Robustus')
(Euonymus japonicus 'Rykojo')
Euonymus kiautschovicus Loes.
Euonymus kiautschovicus 'Berry Hill'
Euonymus latifolius (L.) Mill.
Euonymus lucidus D.Don
Euonymus macropterus Rupr.
Euonymus maximowiczianus Schuch.
Euonymus monbeigii W.W. Sm.
Euonymus morrisonensis Kanehira & Sasaki
Euonymus myrianthus Hemsl.
Euonymus nanus Bieb.
Euonymus nanus 'Turkestanicus'
Euonymus obovatus Nutt.
Euonymus occidentalis Nutt.
Euonymus oresbius W.W.Smith
Euonymus oxyphyllus Miq.
Euonymus oxyphyllus 'Angyo Elegant'
Euonymus oxyphyllus 'Waasland'
Euonymus pauciflorus Maxim.
Euonymus phellomanus Loes.
Euonymus phellomanus 'Silver Surprise'
Euonymus planipes Koehne
Euonymus planipes 'Dart's August Flame'
Euonymus planipes 'Gold Ore'
Euonymus planipes 'Sancho'
Euonymus quelpaertensis Nakai
Euonymus sacrosanctus Koidz.
Euonymus sanguineus Loes.
Euonymus tingens Wall.
Euonymus trapococcus Nakai
Euonymus vagans Wall.
Euonymus velutinus Fisch. & Mey
Euonymus verrucosus Scop.
Euonymus vidalii Franch. & Sav.


*****

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Subjoined species I look for:

Euonymus melananthus Franch. & Sav. (as E. pauciflorus , but without warts on the stems)
Euonymus nanoides Loes. & Rehd. (looks like a hairy E. oresbius )
Euonymus occidentalis var. parishii (Trel.) Jepson (San Jacinto Mountains, Californië)
Euonymus porphyreus Loes. (fruits with long wings, like Euonymus macropterus )
Euonymus przewalskii Maxim. (looks like E. verrucosus without warts; red flowers)
Euonymus semenovii Regel & Herder (looks like Euonymus verrucosus without warts; with red flowers)
Euonymus verrucosoides Loes. (very similar to Euonymus alatus , but with red flowers)
Euonymus wilsonii Spraque (fruits with 5 mm long soft prickles) not Euonymus myrianthus Hemsl.
Many other species.

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Synopsis of   EUONYMUS



Family: Celastraceae.

Euonymus means: "have a good reputation"

Linnaeus describes Euonymus in two ways:
1. in Species Plantarum (1753) : Evonymus, name + 3 species: Evonymus europaeus, Evonymus latifolius, Evonymus americanus.

2. in Genera Plantarum ed. V (1754) : Euonymus

According the code there should be written "Ev", but for specified reasons "Eu" is prefered.

Euonymus can be deciduous or evergreen shrubs or little trees, mostly with a terminate habit, but they also can be prostrate and sometimes climbing. The twigs are often four-angled, but also round, sometimes with (broad) corky wings. The leaves are opposite, but sometimes verticillate (Euonymus nanus); never paniculate. Many deciduous species can be brilliant red in autumn.
The flowers are 4- or 5-merous, with a little calyx; the corolla is white, yellowish-green or purple.
The fruits are fleshy capsules, mostly pink or red, but sometimes white or yellow. Some species might have prickly fruits. When the capsules are breaking open the seeds will hang on a kind of "navelstring" under the fruit. The seeds are white, pinkish-red or black coloured, enclosed with a yellow, orange or red aril.
The flowers on the same plant can be both bisexual, male and/or female. The plants are sometimes parthenocarp (the fruits are growing without seeds), sometimes apomix, then the seeds will grow but without pollination (in fact this is unsexual propagate, by which the seedlings are all the same).

The genus Euonymus appears in the greater part of the world:
America: 8 species
Europe:  5 species
Asia:   >50 species (many of them in China)
Also in Africa and Australia.



Key to the series (from Blakelock)



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Description of the species in the collection

A glance at the collection


Euonymus alatus (Thunb.) Siebold
Deciduous, often a beautiful bright deep red autumncolour; the branches with corky wings; buds greyish. The bloom is rich but not striking; the fruits are greenish-red, one-seeded, but not conspicuous so they hang between the leaves; the orange aril is not vivid. (aril = cover of the seed)
Origin: N.E. Asia

Euonymus alatus var. apterus Regel
Like the species but without corky wings, smaller leaves and a slower growth. In my collection are differend types.

Euonymus alatus var. ciliatodentatus Franch. en Sav.
This Euonymus alatus variety grows compact with short shoots, has small leaves (±2-3cm.) and a rich conspicuous fruiting. No corky wings. The autumncolour is pinkish.

Euonymus alatus 'Compactus' Adams
Like the species but with less cork on the young branches; the older branches and the trunk are black-warty with whitish lines. The buds are brown; the bud-scale revolute on the tip. The autumncolour is wine-red to scarlet-red. The fruits are purple-red and the aril is bright orange, so the fruits are more conspicuous than the species. This selection grows much faster than one might think.
Origin: The cv. is found by J.W.Adams (USA)

Euonymus alatus 'Macrophyllus'
This compact growing shrub has broad corky wings, specially on the older branches, which growing curly. Autumncolour orange-red.

Euonymus alatus 'Monstrosus'
A selection with very broad corky wings on older plants.

Euonymus alatus 'Rudy Haag'
Selection from the USA.

Euonymus alatus 'Select'
Selection from the USA with compact growth; very beautiful red autumncolour. Known in the USA under the trademark FIREBALL.

Euonymus alatus 'Timber Creek'
Selection from the USA with a good red autumncolour. Known in the USA under the trademark CHICAGO FIRE.

Euonymus americanus L.
Upright deciduous shrub, with finely branches; young branches distinctly 4-edged. Buds and leaves look a little like Euonymus alatus, but finer; red buds more or less outspreading. Leaves long lasting in autumn. Fruits pink to red, 3-5 chambered with soft warty prickles, like little strawberries; aril orange.
Origin: Northern America

Euonymus americanus 'Evergreen' (z8)
Selection with evergreen leaves.

Euonymus americanus 'Narrow Leaf' (z7-8)
Selection with narrow willow-like leaves.

Euonymus americanus 'Purpureus' see: Euonymus europaeus 'Atropurpureus'

Euonymus atropurpureus Jacq.
Rather upright deciduous shrub; small flowers dark purple-red in conspicuous cymes; fruits bright purple.
Origin: Northern America

Euonymus atropurpureus var. cheatumi see: Euonymus grandiflorus 'Red Wine'.
This variety of Euonymus atropurpureus does not grow in Europe! The plant for sale under this name (particularly in France), is not Euonymus atropurpureus var. cheatumi, but a selection of Euonymus grandiflorus with a splendid red autumncolour.

Euonymus bungeanus Maxim.
Deciduous tall shrub or small tree; the branches are round, the leathery, but thin leaves have a long stalk and are broad in the middle with a long tapering apex. The flowers in June are whitish-yellow and the fruits are pink. Autumncolour is yellow.
Origin: N.E. Asia, Korea, N.E. China

Euonymus bungeanus 'Dart's Pride'
This Euonymus bungeanus selection has more angular branches and elliptic leaves; the petioles are not very long. This cv. is a rich fruiting form with pink fruits and a pinkish-red autumncolour in the beginning of September.
Origin: Selection of seedlings by Darthuizer nurseries, Leersum, NL.

Euonymus bungeanus 'Fireflame'
Shrub with a brilliant red autumncolour.

Euonymus bungeanus 'Koi Boy'
New selection from England with white fruits.

Euonymus bungeanus var. mongolicus (Nakai) Kitagawa
Deciduous shrub or tree with rounded branches; striking are the rather long petioles and the broad leaf-blades with a long acuminate apex; the leaves are leathery, but rather thin; flowers yellowish-white; fruits pink.

Euonymus bungeanus f. pendulus Rehd.
Gracefully little tree with arching branches; otherwise like Euonymus bungeanus var. mongolicus.

Euonymus bungeanus x phellomanus
Hybrid between Euonymus bungeanus 'Dart's Pride' and Euonymus phellomanus. The branches are all winged like Euonymus phellomanus, but the leaves looks between the two species; growth as tall as Euonymus bungeanus.

Euonymus carnosus Hemsl.
Deciduous shrub; leaves broad ovate; very similar to Euonymus grandiflorus. The type of the collection is good hardy in winter in The Netherlands.
Origin: Japan, Taiwan

Euonymus clivicolus var. rongchuensis (Marq & Shaw) Blakelock
Nice shrub with long tapering leaves. Small dark-purple flowers 4- and 5-merous and fruits with 4 wings.
Origin: China

Euonymus cornutus var. quinquecornutus (Comb.) Blakelock
This variety of Euonymus cornutus is a deciduous shrub with long lanceolate leaves (±10cm.); branches and buds green; the flowers are flesh-coloured with a purple heart. The long winged fruits are green and not so conspicuous till the moment they are opening and show their hanging seeds covered by the orange aril.
The whole habit of the plant is bamboo-like.
Origin: China (Hupeh)

Euonymus echinatus Wall.
Procumbent evergreen shrub; it looks like Euonymus fortunei, but the leaves are circular and the young growth is bronze-coloured. The fruits are round, 8mm. and densely covered with 1mm. long prickles. Not hardy.
Origin: Himalaya

Euonymus europaeus L.
The commen spindletree is native in The Netherlands; this species is variable in form and fruit. This species is always used as rootstock to graft the many sorts, but some species are not compatible (as Euonymus lucidus, Euonymus occidentalis).
Origin: Europe, Western Asia

Euonymus europaeus 'Albus'
This Euonymus has yellowish-white fruits and an orange-yellow aril.

Euonymus europaeus 'Atropurpureus'
(syn.: Euonymus americanus 'Purpureus' Hort.)
This is a beautiful Euonymus europaeus selection; the lanceolate leaves will quick turn into purple; turns into scarlet in the autumn . The colour of the flowers is reddish-yellow; fruits unknown. This is an interesting cv. In some arboreta wrong named, as Euonymus americanus var. angustifolius or as Euonymus americanus var. purpureus.

Euonymus europaeus 'Aucubifolius'
The leaves of this cv. have white spots when full-grown.

Euonymus europaeus 'Brilliant'
A very narrow upright selection with pink fruits in the autumn.

Euonymus europaeus 'Chrysophyllus'
Leaves of this cv. are yellow when young, especially on plants which has been pruned in spring; older leaves yellowish-green.

Euonymus europaeus 'Howard'
A selection from the USA, but without particular detail. The less fruits are dark pink.

Euonymus europaeus 'Intermedius'
(syn.: Euonymus europaeus var. ovatus)
Leaves of this Euonymus europaeus are broad ovate with a rounded base, somewhat rhombic, the apex long acuminate; fruiting abundantly with coral-red fruits. Often this cv. will be offered under the false names Euonymus europaeus 'Fructo-coccineus' (which has much darker fruits) and Euonymus americanus (which has strawberry-like fruits). It is a good cv. with a conspicuous bright red fruiting.
Origin: S.E. Europe

Euonymus europaeus 'Red Cascade'
Young branches are green, but in autumn they turn into dark-red; autumncolour red; older plants have a rich fruiting with big dark-pink fruits; aril orange.

Euonymus europaeus 'Scarlet Wonder'
This cv. looks like Euonymus europaeus 'Red Cascade', but the leaves are smaller and gives no autumncolour, so the dark pink fruits are showing better.

Euonymus europaeus 'Thornhayes'
This cv. is a seedling of Euonymus europaeus 'Red Cascade'; very similar to the parent, but the autumncolour is splendid red.

Euonymus europaeus var. bulgaricus
A slow growing variety with small corky wings on the branches; the pink fruits are often 5 to 6-merous.

Euonymus europaeus var. pumilus Loudon
A compact growing variety with small leaves and short growth.

Euonymus europaeus var. variegatus Dippl.
Variegated form with irregular variegation; some branches has cream-white leaves, other green and a part has nice variegated leaves.

Euonymus fimbriatus Wall.
Upright, deciduous shrub with bright green leaves; flowers very small, yellowish-white, in June; followed by small light-pink winged fruits in August-September. The bark of older branches is grey and exfoliating. A nice plant.

Euonymus fortunei 'Coloratus'
This is an adult form of Euonymus fortunei; nice white fruits at the end of the summer.

Euonymus fortunei 'Gaiety Silver'
A prostrate selection of Euonymus fortunei 'Emerald Gaiety'.

Euonymus fortunei 'Kewensis'
A juvenile form of Euonymus fortunei; leaves very small, ±6mm.; at the beginning it covers the ground, but after several years the branches grow in one another like pyramids 30 to 40cm. height.

Euonymus fortunei 'Silver Queen'
One of the most beautiful white-variegated Euonymus; the plant has elliptic leaves with a broad white margin. It is an adult form, that richly fruits when older; the white fruits have seeds with an orange aril.

Euonymus frigidus Wall.
This wintergreen species is not hardy. Venation distinctly elevated. Flowers translucent purple, ca. 1cm. Ø, the fruits are green and winged.
Origin: Eastern Himalaya, Burma, China (Yunnan)

Euonymus frigidus var. elongatus Cowan & Cowan
The leaves of this variety are smaller than the species; the reddish flowers are much smaller, but the fruits are the same of the species.

Euonymus grandiflorus Wall.
One of the most beautiful species. In summer the leathery Camellia-like leaves are glossy dark green, but in autumn they slowly turn into splendid wine-red, until they are dropping in the beginning of December. The ±2cm. wide cream-coloured flowers occur in July. In the second half of September, during the colouring of the leaves, the big fruits firstly are whitish, but later on they become pink; the little black seeds are enveloped by a red aril. This species is hardy in The Netherlands.
Origin: Himalaya, China

Euonymus grandiflorus f. salicifolius Stapf & F.Ballard
This forma has willow-like leaves, which are longer lasting, without or with a little yellow autumncolour.
Origin: Western China

Euonymus grandiflorus 'Red Wine'
(syn.: Euonymus atropurpureus var. cheatumi Hort.)
This Euonymus grandiflorus selection is known, i.a. in France, as Euonymus atropurpureus var. cheatumi, but this is wrong, because Euonymus atropurpureus does not flower with cream-white, but purple flowers. Euonymus grandiflorus 'Red Wine' grows more compact than the species; the leaves are any narrower and turn into a very beautiful wine-red in autumn. In the trade as Euonymus grandiflorus 'Red Wine' from 2001.

Euonymus hamiltonianus Wall.
The many varieties of this deciduous species, are difficult to identify, because they are not so much different. Sometimes the versions in the literature are different for the same variety. The leaves mostly are longer than Euonymus europaeus and the leaves are folding like a gutter; the branches are nearly rounded; normally older branches are not corky; ripened one-years branches are often pinkish-brown. The flowers are greenish, but the anthers are purple. The fruits are bright pink to dark pink. I think you can better take cultivars than natural varieties.
Origin: From the Himalaya to Japan

Following cultivars are recommended.

Euonymus hamiltonianus 'Calocarpus'
Tall shrub, good fruiting with striking pink fruits. Probable this is no Euonymus hamiltonianus, so the anthers are not purple, but yellow like Euonymus europaeus.

Euonymus hamiltonianus 'Coral Charm'
Cv. with ovate leaves; autumncolour yellow; the fruits are bright pink.

Euonymus hamiltonianus 'Den Haag'
Particular selection. This plant flowers first in August, followed by pink fruits, ripening in October to December. The first years branches on firm standing plants are stout and grow to more than 1m. in one season; the next year they bear fruit on such branches excessive.

Euonymus hamiltonianus 'Fiesta'
Big shrub found by Hillier (GB.). Parts of the leaves are white variegated.

Euonymus hamiltonianus 'Indian Summer'
The leaves of this cv. are glossy green and turn into a beautiful wine-red autumncolour from the second half of October to the first half of December. The fruits are dark pink. This cv. was in the trade under the wrong name Euonymus americanus var. sieboldianus.

Euonymus hamiltonianus 'Miss Pinkie'
Upright growing shrub with pink fruits.

Euonymus hamiltonianus 'Pink Delight'
Upright growing shrub with striking pink fruits, lasting into December.

Euonymus hamiltonianus 'Poort Bulten'
Selection found in Arboretum Poort Bulten (NL); excessive fruiting every year, pink fruits.

Euonymus hamiltonianus 'Popcorn'
Big shrub with light green leaves and bold branches. The fruits of this Japanese selection are nearly white; till this time this selection is the most white fruited of all in the deciduous Euonymus-assortment.

Euonymus hamiltonianus 'Rainbow'
Selection from Japan with yellow variegated leaves.

Euonymus hamiltonianus 'Red Chief'
Selection with dark-pink fruits.

Euonymus hamiltonianus 'Red Elf'
The appearance of this cv. looks like Euonymus europaeus, but the anthers are clearly purple; the fruits are dark pink. Very free fruiting, even as a young plant. No autumncolour.

Euonymus hamiltonianus 'Rising Sun'
Very beautiful selection from Japan. This selection grows more broad than wide. The leaves are all the summer reddish-green and turn into red in autumn. The fruits of this selection are very dark-pink to red; this variety is the most red-fruited form in the total Euonymus hamiltonianus assortment.

Euonymus hamiltonianus 'Snow'
Beautiful selection from Japan with white variegated leaves.

Euonymus hamiltonianus 'Winter Glory'
This selection of the Research-Station in Boskoop (NL) has bright pink fruits, lasting into December.

Euonymus hamiltonianus var. hians (Koehne) Blakelock
Old trees in the South Park, The Hage and De Dreijen, Wageningen (NL) have a particular beautiful corky trunk.

Euonymus hamiltonianus var. semiexertus (Koehne) Blakelock
The fruits of this Euonymus hamiltonianus variety ripen the first of all Euonymus hamiltonianus; they are already pink in the beginning of September and last about one month.

Euonymus hamiltonianus var. sieboldianus
The selection I have in my collection is not a good fruiting variety; it also gives no autumncolour.

Euonymus hamiltonianus var. yedoensis f. koehneanus (Loes.) Blakelock
A big shrub with orange-pink fruits.

Euonymus japonicus 'Benkomasaki'
Stiff upright growing selection with dark-green crosswise arranged leaves.

Euonymus japonicus 'Hibarimasaki'
This is the smallest of the Euonymus japonicus. Looks like Euonymus japonicus 'Rykojo', but grows prostrate.

Euonymus japonicus 'Manhattan'
Shrub with dark green rounded leaves, rich flowering; white fruits, seed with an orange aril. Young plants are tender to strong frost. Also named as Euonymus kiautschovicus 'Manhattan'.

Euonymus japonicus 'Robustus'
An evergreen Euonymus with an upright growth; this cv. is the most hardy of the species; in the collection the plant has resisted -20°C. very well. The bright green leaves are nearly circular; the plant flowers excessive, but the fruiting is moderate, although the orange seeds are showing well when the fruits open in the second half of December.

Euonymus japonicus 'Rykojo'
Very compact growing selection; in 10 years I think it don't be wider than ca. 30cm. Ø. The leaves are about 0.5cm. wide.

Euonymus kiautschovicus Loes.
This species looks like Euonymus japonicus, but the oblong leaves are hanging a little. It flowers one month later than Euonymus japonicus and the pinkish fruits are less than Euonymus japonicus 'Robustus'. Young plants are tender to strong frost.
Origin: China

Euonymus kiautschovicus 'Berry Hill'
Nearly as the species.

Euonymus latifolius (L.) Mill.
This species native to Southern Europe and Asia Minor makes big red winterbuds on brown branches; the leaves are ovate, frequently a little rough, but in autumn they turn into beautiful wine-red. The plant flowers rich with yellowish flowers and gives a lot big winged dark red fruits in September; the seeds have an orange aril.
Origin: Southern Europe, Asia Minor

Euonymus lucidus D.Don
(syn.: Euonymus pendulus Wall.)
This evergreen species is not hardy (enough). The colour of the leaves is pale green, the leaves are lanceolate; striking is the bronze-coloured young growth. The fruits are deeply 4-lobed.
Origin: Himalaya

Euonymus macropterus Rupr.
Deciduous shrub. The leaves of this species develop the first of all of the subgenus Kalonymus, it flowers the first of all and the fruits are already ripened in July/August. The plant looks like Euonymus latifolius but the leaf-surface is flat, not rough. The autumncolour is not so striking as Euonymus latifolius and the fruits with the very long wings are hiding under the leaves, but due to the big quantity they are still showy.
Origin: N.E. Asia

Euonymus maximowiczianus Schuch.
Looks like Euonymus planipes, but the flowers are very small and the corolla is whitish; the fruits open 1 or 2 weeks later; the wings of the fruits are rounded. The branches are grey-brown and thicker. From the end of August to half October the leaves turn into a rich red autumncolour.

Euonymus morrisonensis Kanehira & Sasaki
Semi-deciduous small shrub from the mountains of Taiwan.

Euonymus myrianthus Hemsl.
In many arboreta this species is named as Euonymus wilsonii (but the fruits of Euonymus wilsonii are set with awl-shaped spines!!). Evergreen; thick leathery leaves; good hardy. This species flowers in spring with many flowered cymes, the petals are green with a yellow blush; the unfertilized ovaries colour orange-yellow and are long lasting. In September the fruits are yellow with an orange blush at the sunside.
Origin: Western China

Euonymus nanus Bieb.
Half deciduous shrub; prostrate or upright. The linear-lanceolate leaves are 2-4cm. long with involute margins and dark green. It flowers excessive with violet-purple flowers on filamentous stalks; in August the pink fruits contrast well with the dark green leaves.
Origin: Eastern Europe, Caucasus, Western China

Euonymus nanus 'Turkestanicus'
This is not a variety but a selection with an upright habit and lighter dull green leaves. The fruiting is fewer than the species.

Euonymus obovatus Nutt.
Deciduous species; the branches are bending down and cover the ground; the leaves are ovate or obovate; the flowers are not showy and greenish-red; the carmine fruits have soft prickles, aril orange.
Origin: Northern America

Euonymus occidentalis Nutt.
The flowers of this deciduous species are ca. 1cm. and conspicuous dark red; in August develop the more or less rounded red fruits; the yellow aril is spongish with mostly 2 seeds. A species with a conspicuous flower-colour.
Origin: Western North-America

Euonymus oresbius W.W.Smith
Big deciduous shrub, branches four-edged; small lanceolate leaves, ca. 3cm. long, apex rounded; flowers greenish-white, the fruits pinkish-red. This shrub looks like a very coarse Euonymus nanus.
Origin: China

Euonymus oxyphyllus Miq.
One of the most beautiful Euonymus. This deciduous shrub, that can grow up to a little tree, flowers excessive with beige-brown-green flowers in May, the acuminate oval-oblong leaves are budding at the same time. In the late summer the leaves colour from red-brown into a splended (wine-)red, while an excess of marble-sized red fruits are hanging on long stalks, like cherries, among the leaves. The seeds have an orange aril.
Origin: Japan, Korea, China

Euonymus oxyphyllus 'Angyo Elegant'
The leaves of this Japanees selection are spotted with white speckles; rich fruiting with big dark red fruits.

Euonymus oxyphyllus 'Waasland'
New selection. This selection is still better fruiting than the species. For the plant has no autumncolour, the marble-sized fruits are better seen. They ripened in the end of September and lasting for one month. From the end of October the leaves will turn into shining yellow. Beautiful upright growing selection.

Euonymus pauciflorus Maxim.
This deciduous shrub is very similar to Euonymus verrucosus, but the branches are less densely warty, which are brownish coloured; also the leaves are more oval and less acute; the axillary standing flowers have a short pedicel and are laying with 1 or 2 on the leaf-surface; their colour is beige-red. The fruits are red and the aril is red, too. The autumncolour is yellow and red.
Origin: N.E. Asia

Euonymus pendulus Wall. see: Euonymus lucidus D.Don

Euonymus phellomanus Loes.
The very broad corky wings on the 4-sided branches are the most striking of this deciduous species; especially on plants which has been pruned in spring. The leaves are oblong-ovate and a little rough. The pleasant scented flowers, are yellowish-white; in August/September followed by lighter, or darker, pink fruits; aril red.
Origin: Northern and Western China

Euonymus phellomanus 'Silver Surprise'
This cv., found in the Dutch Plant Collection - Euonymus, has white-marginated leaves, no corky wings and in winter the branches are surprisingly pink. The dark pink fruits are very showy in August/September. Slow growing.

Euonymus planipes Koehne
One of the best known Euonymus for its richly fruiting. The first years the plant is growing slowly, but after a longer time it will grow up into a big shrub. The young branches are green, the red-brown winterbuds big and long acute. The leaves are ovate. Yellowish flowering in big cymes, in late spring. The fruits are red with small wings, already colouring in August. Less autumncolour.
Origin: Japan, Korea, N.E. China

Euonymus planipes 'Dart's August Flame'
Selection from Darthuizer Nurseries, Leersum, NL. with an abundantly fruiting in August.

Euonymus planipes 'Gold Ore'
Selection out of the collection. The leaves are blotted with yellow spots. Nice autumncolour.

Euonymus planipes 'Sancho'
Selection of the nursery of Jan-Willem Wezelenburg, Hazerswoude, NL.; very free fruiting in September/October.

Euonymus quelpaertensis Nakai
Very similar to Euonymus bungeanus, but the leaves are spreading, not hanging.
Origin: Korea

Euonymus sacrosanctus Koidz.
Very similar to Euonymus alatus, but the plant has a copper-coloured blaze on branches and leaves; the leaves are more broad elliptic. The autumncolour is for a short time shining orange.
Origin: Japan

Euonymus sanguineus Loes.
Very attractive Euonymus. This deciduous species buds reddish in spring and keeps a purple blaze all summer, because the oval leaves are red-coloured beneath; the young branches are dark purple. In autumn the leaves turn into brown-red and are very persistant. The flowering is very abundantly, with yellowish flowers having a red bloom. Although many Euonymus have a light bad-smell, but this species surpasses all with a strong "fish"scent in flowering-time. The fruiting is moderate with any pink fruits with long wings; aril orange.
Origin: China, S.E. Tibet

Euonymus tingens Wall.
Evergreen species with glossy dark green leaves, tapering to both ends. Big white flowers with dark red veins. Fruits dark pink.
Origin: Himalaya, Western China

Euonymus trapococcus Nakai
Looks like Euonymus hamiltonianus, but the fruits are grooved at the middle of the lobes.
Origin: Korea

Euonymus vagans Wall.
Similar to Euonymus fortunei but with broader leaves and flesh-coloured flowers in the leaf-axils; prostrate and evergreen. Not so hardy in The Netherlands.
Origin: Eastern Himalaya, S.E. Tibet, China

Euonymus velutinus Fisch.en Mey
Deciduous big shrub.The young growth of the whole plant densely tomentose, leaf-apex rounded. The less fruits are dull-pink. The coarse blackish bark gives the plant a mysterious radiation. Very attractive in winter.
Origin: Caucasus a.n.

Euonymus verrucosus Scop.
This deciduous Euonymus is an elegant shrub with oblong-ovate leaves; the branches and trunk are densely covered with fine black warts. The plant flowers abundantly with flesh-coloured flowers; it has not too many fruits and these are yellowish-red coloured; the seeds have a red aril. When the leaves drop, the colour turns from yellow into violet-red.
Origin: Southern Europe, Caucasus, Asia Minor

Euonymus vidalii Franch. & Sav.
Deciduous species very similar to Euonymus hamiltonianus, might be only a variety.
Origin: Japan

Euonymus wilsonii Sprague
Evergreen climbing shrub with big leaves (6-14cm.); flowers in umbles, 4-8cm. wide in June; the fruits are 4-merous ±2cm. across and covered with 5mm. long prickles; aril is yellow. This species is frequently confused with Euonymus myrianthus, but this species has no prickles on the fruits.
(He, who can offer the real Euonymus wilsonii, please contact with me).
Origin: China















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note

The Dutch Plant Collections is an initiative of the Royal Boskoop Horticultural Society (KVBC), which intention is that members of the Society bring together many species and/or cultivars of a specific genus into a reference collection to compare them and to prevent that old species and cultivars get lost or become forgotten.